We are happy to release the fifth report of our Urban Mobility Next series, which explores the costs and benefits of the sustainable mobility transition in European cities. The analysis focuses on 779 EU-27 cities of more than 50,000 inhabitants based on 12 city prototypes. The model used in the report covers small, medium, and large cities in Eastern, Northern, Central/ Western Europe, and Southern Europe.
We have modelled three different transition scenarios to reflect possible pathways for cities to address the European Green Deal objectives for the transport sector of -55% CO2 emissions by 2030 and -90% CO2 emissions by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. These pathways are composed of a set of 29 different policy measures (e.g. car and bike sharing, cycling infrastructure, metro and bus lanes, etc.) grouped into three main scenarios:
- “Promote and Regulate”: this transition pathway assumes the promotion and regulation of 19 sustainable mobility options;
- “Plan and Build”: this transition pathway focuses on 14 infrastructure building and technology related actions;
- “Mixed”: this transition pathway is a mix of the two above-mentioned approaches, with 23 measures related to both technological innovations and behavioural change.
Read our study
For the preparation of this study, we have applied this model to the cities of Barcelona, Copenhagen, Eindhoven, Munich, and Prague based on a combination of publicly available indicators and assumptions.
TRT Trasporti e Territorio, has carried out this study using the MOMOS (Sustainable MObility Model) tool. MOMOS is a quantitative tool which allows to simulate the impacts of different mobility transition pathways on a range of indicators, including costs and environmental benefits, for different types of cities.