Future Apt Living Lab for Autonomous Public Transport

Project Description

  • Innovation
  • 1 January 2023
  • 31 December 2023
  • University College London
  • €1,608,069.26

Cities face numerous mobility challenges:  reducing emissions, improving the safety and mobility of cyclists and pedestrians, and increasing quality of life for citizens. Driverless shuttles or pods can be a game changer for cities as they address many of these challenges. However, current solutions lack a transferrable regulatory and safety framework among European cities. Low public trust and acceptance in combination with high investments in the new technology (such as insurance and a safety driver) are not sustainable for cities and are a massive barrier.

LivingLAPT will deliver sustainable driverless shuttle and logistics services among various European cities by phasing out the need for safety drivers in shuttles and moving towards remote operators who oversee numerous services simultaneously. This will be achieved through a robust transnational safety framework as well as promoting user acceptance and trust in close collaboration with citizens, cities, operators, academia, industry, and policy makers.


LivingLAPT addresses challenges of the future mobility segment related to: regulatory and behavioural change, sustainable urban growth, transportation network decongestion, and eco-efficient and safe urban transport.

Main Objective

LivingLAPT delivers sustainable and transferrable autonomous shuttle and logistics services among European cities by phasing out the on-board safety operators & introducing remote operators who oversee various services simultaneously.


Multi-city autonomous or driverless shuttle trials in three European cities following a stepwise process to overcome the current hurdles in user acceptance and trust in autonomous shuttles from citizens and operators.



Project lead

Professor Bani Anvari
University College London