The development of transport electrification means the unsustainable production of expensive batteries including the high consumption of raw materials and, at the end of the life of battery electric vehicles (BEV), their energy-intensive recycling.

Sustainable electrified urban transport requires the provision of peak charging performance for shorter charging times. Extending battery life is offered as a possible solution. Used BEV batteries still have a capacity of about 70% and are suitable for energy storage. SEVES is testing energy storage using second-life batteries to support high-power charging in Prague.


While electric battery vehicles are becoming a popular alternative to motorised vehicles, they still face some challenges in terms of range, cost, and limited charging infrastructure in some cities. Hydrogen fuel cell batteries could help to tackle these challenges.

A consortia comprised of industry, local government and research partners will explore their use in urban light-duty electric vehicles. As such, the project aims to demonstrate its advantages by retrofitting a battery electric vehicle (BEV) and converting it into a hydrogen battery electric vehicle.

Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) retrofit solutions for cities and regions

Speeding is the major cause of traffic accidents. As of this year, new vehicles have to be equipped with Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) systems that make sure that a vehicle does not exceed the legal speed limit. From 2024, this regulation will extend to all new vehicles imported into the EU region. 

As vehicles have an average life cycle between 6 and 11.5 years, it will take time to see real impact. The ISA-FIT project aims to provide a retrofit ISA solution for urban environments to speed up implementation and will test a retrofit ISA system in the City of Helmond in the Netherlands in 15 ISA-vehicles. Data will be collected from scenarios testing the quality of the service, driver acceptance, and behavioural outcomes.

A European strategy will also be developed to scale-up ISA implementation focusing on cooperation with speed limit databases, deployment standards, and procurement strategies. At the end of the project, a ready-to-market ISA retrofit product will be launched. 

Cleanergy logo

Cleanergy 4 Micromobility 

The rise of shared e-scooters in cities reduces car usage and helps achieve sustainable mobility goals but challenges related to shared public space between pedestrians, cyclists and micromobility users, operating costs, and ensuring clean sources of energy persist. 

To this end, Cleanergy will develop a dock for e-scooters that can be easily replicated and placed in multiple locations within a city.  

Key features include solar panel strips with an off-grid battery storage system to provide renewable energy for the docking stations, located on the pavement next to the stations. The docks also offer a cable-less e-scooter device that locks the e-scooters, only giving access to authorised users which prevents theft and vandalism, and adequate helmet storage space. 

Through pilots in Barcelona, Spain, the city of Thessalonki in Greece, and the megacity Istanbul in Turkey, data on energy consumption, demand for micromobility, micromobility patterns, performance of the e-scooters and docks, and user behaviour, will be gathered to form future interventions and regulations to guide use of e-scooters and dock stations. 


To help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as air and noise pollution, the ECOSWAP project is promoting the uptake of e-motorbikes by offering a battery swapping system to existing and new motorbike riders. Instead of having to pay for the cost of the battery, the customer can choose to participate in the scheme to share the motorbike battery. This will reduce the overall vehicle price tag and incentivise sales.

The project will also test the user-friendliness and accessibility of battery swapping stations, specifically their durabilty, optimal number of battery slots and locations. Different business models testing scaling capabilities in urban areas will be tested and validated in three pilots including Barcelona, Spain, in 2022. 

Urban Mobile Charging (UMC)

By 2030, 33 million electrical vehicle owners in Europe will need efficient charging. UMC is creating an on-demand electric vehicle charging service called NIMBEE which will operate in Žilina, Slovakia; Riga, Latvia, and Braunschweig, Germany.  Instead of drivers needing to locate a charging station, an autonomous battery-operated charging robot will go to them.  Drivers will have access to charging as needed, thus optimising a city’s space and infrastructure. The project will help cities to better plan and streamline deployment of the availability of electrical charging infrastructure such as mobile charging stations and provide valuable on-demand services for electric vehicle owners. 

The most valuable output will be an autonomous charging unit and robotic arm (in 2023), and demand-side flexibility. 


The IPA2X project is helping to achieve zero accidents and decrease fatalities in urban areas. It will improve pedestrian safety by implementing a service of autonomous robots to assist pedestrians cross streets, notify nearby vehicles of the pedestrians’ movements, and identify obstacles on footpaths, bike paths and roads that may hinder pedestrian movements. In particular, the robots will assist people with limited mobility such as parents with young children, wheelchair users, and elderly people. User feedback will be solicited over the course of the project to improve the service. 


Cities need help to reduce emissions, ensure the safety and mobility of cyclists and pedestrians, and improve quality of life for citizens. Autonomous bus shuttles can be a game changer for cities to address many of these challenges. However, current solutions lack a coordinated regulatory safety framework among European cities. Low public trust and acceptance of new technology along with significant investments, organising insurance and maintaining driver safety, are still notable barriers for cities.

LivingLAPT will also deliver autonomous shuttle logistics services in the City of Ricany nearby Prague in the Czech Republic, Hasselt in Belgium, Kongsberg in Norway, and Helmond in The Netherlands, by phasing out the need for drivers in shuttles and moving toward remote operators. A robust transnational safety framework will be developed and user acceptance and trust developed with citizens, cities, operators, academia, industry, and policymakers. 


FlexCurb is a set of application programme interfaces (APIs) that allow creation of a digital inventory of a city’s curb regulations, so they can visualise and analyse the patterns of curb allocation and use, as well as to adapt and communicate curb regulations.

The FlexCurb package is composed of two products targeting two types of end users. The first is a city platform for digitalisation and management of curb regulations. The second is a mobile app so commercial drivers can access up-to-date information about curb conditions and available spaces.

FlexCurb is a package of digital tools that help cities and companies use and manage curb space in a flexible way. It provides a solution to digitally control and balance the use of public space, enabling the transition towards flexible use and management of the curb. Therefore, the curb space can be shared and optimised to serve the needs of different users.

Through a pilot phase in partnership with four European cities – Leuven, Funchal, Strasbourg, and Toulouse – the project aims to demonstrate the administrative, environmental, and commercial benefits of moving to a digitally-managed and compliant curbside. 


PowerManagement is a custom-designed digital platform that helps users manage efficient charging of electric vehicles (EV) in public, corporate or residential garages. Fleet managers, site operators and other clients can set up charging strategies to optimise costs and increase clean energy use. ​

PowerManagement will address current bottlenecks and provide a one-stop-shop solution for operators of the parking spaces and garages with EV chargers to efficiently manage available power and reduce grid and installation costs. 


The S+LOADZ project is building and deploying a cost-effective digital platform provided by Parkunload to control, regulate, and remotely monitor curbside spaces to improve the management of temporary parking of logistics vehicles. Pilots will be initiated in Paris, France, and Ankara, Istanbul, as well as mid-size cities such as Vic in Spain, and Argenteuil within the Greater Metropolitan Area of Paris, to test varying conditions and address different challenges specific to each location. 

The project will evaluate several types of digital loading and delivery zones in different countries and cities, demonstrating on-street scenarios to assess the operational, regulatory and technical conditions needed to make urban logistics more sustainable and scalable in Europe. 


Last-mile logistics operations in cities can increase traffic congestion, cause safety problems for pedestrians, bikers, and couriers, and contribute to air and noise pollution. To tackle these challenges, the LogiSmile partners are piloting a fully autonomous delivery system in three pilot cities: Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain, Hamburg in Germany, and Debrecen in Hungary.

LogiSmile will build an autonomous hub vehicle (AHV) that works with smaller autonomous delivery devices (ADD), which are essentially robots, and a remote back-end control centre which will manage communication between the main vehicle and other devices, collect data, optimise fleet operations and provide a fail-safe solution should a complex situation arise. 

The cities are assessing their infrastructure and legal framework to operate the system, revising their current traffic policies, and establishing a Code of Conduct to regulate human-autonomous vehicle interactions, including guidelines on sharing of data and interaction with third parties such as pedestrians, cyclists, and other vehicles.