CityFlows

The quality of life in European metropolitan areas is under pressure. A steady increase of the population in combination with the rapid expansion of city tourism frequently causes crowd-related issues. In recent years, universities, research institutes and municipalities have developed techniques to A) monitor crowd movements by means of the state-of-the-art crowd sensing systems, and B) pro-actively manage crowded spaces using real-time decision support systems. These ad hoc and specialist pilots have shown that the liveability of the inner cities can be improved substantially by means of pro-active crowd management, but are currently not ready for large scale deployment. 

The objective of CityFlows is twofold, namely to i) improve liveability in urban environments by deploying a crowd monitoring decision support system (CM-DSS) on a city-scale and ii) to make a CM-DSS ready for the international market. The main goal is to improve the liveability of crowded pedestrian spaces through the provision of decision-support for the management of pedestrian flows. The first objective is to operate the CityFlows CM-DSS in four living labs across Europe, which will demonstrate that any professional, whose ambition is to improve the service, throughput or safety, can use the CM-DSS to re-design and manage crowded pedestrian spaces. Large pilots are organized in the City of Amsterdam (ArenA Boulevard & COVID-19 living lab), Milan (Milano Centrale) and Barcelona (Parc Guell), which all feature state-of-the-art crowd monitoring systems and analysis techniques. 

CityFlows’ secondary objective is to create an active and involved user-base for CM-DSSs through the education of city officials, security officers and crowd management organisations regarding the benefits of this type of decision-support system in the process. CityFlows aims to accelerate the market opportunities of the CityFlows CM-DSS, and innovative pro-active pedestrian management systems in general through education, hands-on experience/direct involvement and communication. 

WalCycData

The WalkCycData project addresses the need to make cities increasingly safe for pedestrians and cyclists.  According to the European Transport Safety Council, while the statistics for fatal accidents in vehicles decreased by 24%, those of pedestrian accidents have only decreased by 19% and the deaths of people on bicycles remain the same. Increasing the uptake of green and active transport, such as cycling and walking, is a priority for many governments and transport authorities because of their positive impact on public health, air quality and the reduction of traffic congestion in cities.  

WalCycData aims to increase the safety and experience of vulnerable road users, namely cyclists and pedestrians, by integrating and analysing bicycle and pedestrian data. The goal of this international consortium is to develop and test in pilot cities the URBAN-i Box – a special bicycle sensor that monitors the interaction of cyclists, pedestrians, and cars in a dynamic urban environment through video, GPS, and other sensors. An important part of the project is the creation of a platform, based on UPC’s CIGO! system for data evaluation and analysis of crisis situations and accidents. Škoda Auto is focusing its efforts on creating a communication platform between the car, pedestrian, cyclist, and other infrastructures.  

The outputs of the project will be tested directly in the urban traffic in Munich and Ostrava. 

MobilitEU

The Urban Mobility Operating System (UMOS) will be as a universal open service platform for optimised, customised and seamless mobility for travellers. The aim is to integrate various multi-modal mobility and related services into a one-stop platform. 

However, UMOS is not only a Mobility as a Service (MaaS) solution; it is beyond MaaS. It envisions an ultimate experience for the traveller incorporating other complementary services, such as parking, insurance, and even accommodation and entertainment. With the support of policy makers, the customer-friendly system will contribute to the increased liveability and inclusivity of cities by offering more sustainable alternatives to private vehicles. 

UMOS will achieve its vision through a service platform accessible to travellers via an application (mobile/web) and to other systems through application programming interfaces (APIs) that use standardised data exchange mechanisms. This GDPR-compliant service platform is the critical backbone of the UMOS architecture, where real-time service data (traffic and mobility and other services) is published by providers and kept up-to-date through APIs. 

UMOS will be a not-for-profit organisation and a pan-European solution acting in accordance with EU laws and regulations, and as such, aims to become the trusted body for all citizens and service providers across the EU. 

SmartHubs

SmartHubs is an EIT Urban Mobility Project working on increasing the implementation and use of shared mobility hubs in metropolitan areas. 

Worldwide the pressure on urban areas and climate is increasing. Cities need to implement new and effective mobility solutions, such as shared mobility, to deal with this pressure. The adoption rate of shared mobility is already rising, however not yet at a rate that it is actually changing the way people move around in the city. This means that the reduction of pressure on transport networks and public space is still limited. Previous research shows the potential of shared mobility, but there is a need for actual planning or piloting tools. Smarthubs will bridge this gap by testing, developing and validating hub concepts and by developing a decision-support planning tool to enhance the implementation of Smarthubs.  

To realise these outputs a diverse consortium of cities, companies and universities who are all working on shared mobility to increase sustainable transport, have joined hands. As part of the project pilots will be run at diverse mobility hubs in six cities. These pilots will provide information about the hubs needs, location, context, users, etc. The partners will translate this information into  a decision-support planning tool for cities to help them decide on the type, location, and offered mobility services of the smart mobility hubs at the street, district and city levels. The project will also deliver a validated list of criteria and a process for the public procurement of smart mobility hubs in public space. With the creation of these tools Smarthubs aims to accelerate the successful implementation of the hubs, maximizing citizens’ accessibility and inclusion, as well as reducing emission.  

MultiDEPART

Demand Responsive Transit (DRT) services are gathering momentum in Europe, especially in medium and small size cities and low-density suburbs surrounding large metropolitan areas. Also known as bus on demand or microtransit, DRT allows the provision of public transport services through flexible routes and schedules, based on actual demand collected from users through digital or other communication tools.  

DRT also has the potential to solve accessibility issues for urban low-demand areas thanks to the digitalisation of public transport and mass adoption of mobile phones. Accessibility to public transport in poorly served areas can impact the social and economic possibilities of vulnerable communities and reduce private car usage. 

The project, a multi-operator tool for managing Demand rEsPonsive trAnspoRT (MultiDEPART), is developing tools to plan, manage and monitor DRT solutions. Applied in Lisbon, the Barcelona Metropolitan Area and Thessaloniki,  MultiDEPART is targeting public transport authorities (PTAs) and facilitating the harmonisation and scalability of DRT services across European cities.  

AI-TraWell

AI-powered, proactive TRAvel assistant to self-monitor user’s experience & craft personalised travel solutions for promoting WELLbeing. 

AI-TraWell is an artificial-intelligence powered, proactive chatbot for smartphone devices to recommend personalised travel alternatives that fit travellers’ needs and preferences and promote long-term health and wellbeing for all citizens living or moving within our cities. 

It combines data about users’ needs, preferences and physical and mental wellbeing with real-time and predictive information about all modes of transport to help users understand and manage the increasing number of mobility options available to them. It also selects the option that best matches users’ needs and preferences and delivers better and more reliable mobility services to improve traffic in general. 

Thanks to the EIT Community, the solution was enhanced through collaborative work with industrial partners, and the project 

  • collected knowledge of the effect of cultural differences on mobility choices. 
  • validated methods through case studies in various cities to foster scalability. 
  • accessed data through building research partnerships. 

The solution improves the physical and mental health of travellers and citizens. It reduces exposure to highly polluted areas and decreases congestion and overcrowding in existing mobility services, thereby contributing to more inclusive societies and urban growth management. 

Hubs for Last Mile Delivery Solutions

The HALLO project is creating shared urban consolidation and distribution centres (UCDCs) through a series of pilots in Barcelona and Stockholm. In Barcelona, the centres are being implemented in municipalities bordering the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (AMB). In Stockholm, the pilots are demonstrating complementary activities including implementing fossil-fuel free delivery logistics in the district of Södermalm; testing innovative delivery solutions across Stockholm; planning and testing a micro-terminal for logistics and other services in Södermalm; as well as holding a stakeholder dialogue to outline a roadmap for the future development of fossil-free logistics in Stockholm.  

In addition, the project is also compiling a roadmap detailing location planning, business models and implementation challengesto facilitate the replication of the approaches in other cities. 

Code the streets – Future Digital Mobility Management

Code the Streets is an EIT Urban Mobility Project bringing together different partners from Amsterdam, Helsinki and Budapest to support metropolitan areas in managing urban mobility.  

As metropolitan areas continue to grow, so do traffic related issues such as congestion and pollution. Globally cities are faced with the challenge of finding better ways to manage urban mobility and keep cities liveable. Code the Streets wants to support municipalities with this challenge and is looking for ways to stimulate travellers to make more sustainable, safer and societally friendlier choices. Code the Streets is working on building andimproving an application programming interface (API) as well as creating a digital mobility management guide for cities to support the collaboration between the public and private mobility sector. 

Two pilots, one in Helsinki and one in Amsterdam, will test new mobility services. In Helsinki, the pilot aims to develop methods and tools that can be used to decrease congestion and its negative impact on the climate. The pilot in Amsterdam will mainly focus on traffic reduction in specific parts of the network. Those could be vulnerable sections, such as weakened bridges, but equally vulnerability could refer to accessibility, safety or liveability. Two methods of changing travellers’ routes are being tested: nudging and dynamic pricing. The pilots will feed into a final version of the API,which will then be available for use by cities and mobility providers.  

A key consideration in making the final API available for others to use is ensuring that cities and mobility providers have access to the right knowledge to use it effectively. That is why partners will create a consulting service which includes a sales catalogue, as well as a handbook including a set of working processes and governance structures that define the collaboration between cities and mobility providers.  

eUltimate

Battery electric buses are being launched in many cities, with multiple charging technologies and operational schemes available. Along the lifetime of a vehicle, different charging schemes have specific impact on the operating costs, allocation of public space and emissions.  In general, the electrification of existing bus routes usually implies an increment in the number of vehicles and operating costs in comparison to conventional fleets.   

The aim of this project is to develop a decision support system (DSS) that designs the optimal charging system for a given city and quantifies the impact of the electric service on bus agencies and other stakeholders. The project is focused on the link between vehicle and charger, the cornerstone for their deployment in cities.  

Data related to the performance of battery electric buses is being gathered in seven Hungarian cities, Badalona, Barcelona, Děčín, Lisbon and Milan. This data will be statistically analysed to characterise how vehicle technology, vehicle size, route parameters, ridership and climatic conditions affect the energy consumption of electric fleets in significantly different conditions. In a second step, a toolkit will also calculate the required resources (vehicles and chargers) needed for the deployment of a specific technology as well as the total cost to be incurred by the transit operator.  

In this way, the DSS will identify the powertrain and technology that better suits the mobility requirements for each route under study, based on the particular features of the site. This approach outperforms the tools developed by vehicle manufacturers for a single charging solution. The toolkit will not only consider the current performance of technologies on the market but will draw on future powertrains that will be commercialised over the next two to four years. 

CELESTE

Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) systems, which will become mandatory for all vehicles commercialised in the EU from 2022, enable speed alerts and, in some cases, automatic speed reduction and compliance. However, there are some issues that need resolving to support their correct use: 

• What is the appropriate speed limit for a particular area of the city? 

• Do changing conditions make those speed limits at times too high or too low? 

• How to modify and ensure real-time compliance of a speed limit? 

• How to assist traffic managers in achieving such compliance? 

Delivering systems that can complement existing traffic management centres (TMCs) is essential for successfully changing behaviour. CELESTE seeks to work both on technological solutions (including connected signals, extended data models and vehicle technology) and evaluation tools that can be transferred beyond the partner cities. The project will also materialise the solutions into functional prototypes thus delivering value globally to both project partners and EIT. 

RAPTOR
Rapid Applications for Transport

The Rapid Application for Transport (RAPTOR) project is an internal EIT Urban Mobility project aimed at addressing niche urban mobility issues provided by cities. Individuals, teams, start-ups, and SMEs submit their solutions to the niche challenges in a competition in which winners are awarded prize money, mentoring, and support. Winners are given 4 months to develop a minimum viable product which is tested in-situ with the involved cities.

Real-time pollution City mAp thRough cOLlaborative sensIng aNd Analysis

CAROLINA aims to explore a new dimension of an urban air pollution monitoring and re-shape urban mobility based on minimizing the number of people exposed to the threshold values of harmful air pollution in European cities. The other unique value proposition is to involve citizen as part of the collaborative urban air pollution monitoring system, based on the statement that users are producers, not only consumers, and it is expected to provide the opportunity to engage citizens in the decision-making process of urban air quality in European cities.